What specific goals will be targeted during ABA therapy?
The specific goals targeted during Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy for a child with autism will vary based on the child's individual needs and abilities. The goals of the therapy will be determined through a thorough assessment process that involves identifying areas of strength and weakness, as well as the child's unique interests and preferences.
In general, ABA therapy focuses on teaching new skills and reducing or eliminating challenging behaviors. The goals of the therapy may include:
Communication: ABA therapy may focus on developing communication skills, such as verbal language, sign language, or the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices.
Socialization: ABA therapy may target social skills, such as turn-taking, eye contact, and initiating and maintaining conversations.
Daily living skills: ABA therapy may target activities of daily living, such as dressing, toileting, and hygiene.
Academic skills: ABA therapy may target academic skills, such as reading, writing, and math.
Play skills: ABA therapy may target play skills, such as imaginative play, sharing, and cooperative play.
Challenging behaviors: ABA therapy may focus on reducing or eliminating challenging behaviors, such as self-injury, aggression, and tantrums.
The goals of ABA therapy will be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). The therapist or behavior analyst will develop a treatment plan that outlines the specific goals, as well as the strategies and interventions that will be used to achieve those goals. The treatment plan will be tailored to the child's individual needs and abilities, and will be adjusted over time based on the child's progress and changing needs.